Anatomy of plantaris muscle

The plantaris muscle: anatomy, injury, imaging, and treatmen

  1. Anatomy. The plantaris muscle consists of a small, thin muscle belly, and a long thin tendon that forms part of the posterosuperficial compartment of the calf. (Figure 1) Together with the gastrocnemius, and soleus, they are collectively referred to as the triceps surae muscle
  2. Dr. Ebraheim's educational animated video describes the anatomy of the plantaris muscle The plantaris muscle arises form the lateral supracondylar ridge of t..
  3. The plantaris (also plantaris muscle, latin: musculus plantaris) is a superficial muscle of the posterior group of the lower leg muscles. The plantaris consists of a belly and a long thin tendon. Origin. The plantaris originates from the lateral condyle of the femur. Insertion. The plantaris passes inferomedially and inserts into the Achilles tendon. Action. The plantaris plays role in flexion of the knee and foot. Innervatio
  4. Various dimensions (length and width) of plantaris muscle belly and its tendon were also measured. Results: Three types of origin and equal number of insertion were noticed in the present study. The PM took origin from type I: Lateral Supracondylar ridge, Capsule of Knee joint and Lateral head of gastrocnemius in 73.07% cases; type II: Capsule of Knee joint and Lateral head of gastronemius in 5.76% cases; type III: Lateral Supracondylar ridge , Capsule of Knee joint , Lateral head of.
  5. Plantaris muscle Summary. Gross anatomy. The plantaris muscle arises from the posterosuperior aspect of the lateral femoral condyle, close to the... Variant anatomy. In up to 10% of the population, the plantaris is absent and in a smaller number it may be duplicated 3
  6. The plantaris muscle is a small muscle located in the back of the lower leg that forms part of the calf. According to autopsy studies, the muscle can vary in size, thickness, and length, and is..

Plantar Aspect. There are 10 intrinsic muscles located in the sole of the foot. They act collectively to stabilise the arches of the foot, and individually to control movement of the digits. All the muscles are innervated either by the medial plantar nerve or the lateral plantar nerve, which are both branches of the tibial nerve.. The muscles of the plantar aspect are described in four layers. Introduction The plantaris muscle (PM) is a small, fusiform muscle located between the gastrocnemius muscle (GM) and soleus muscle (SM). PM supports movements of the knee and ankle Plantaris muscle (lat. musculus plantaris) is a fusiform muscle of the superficial posterior leg compartment, characterized with a small muscle belly and very long and slender tendon. Many anatomical variations of plantaris muscle have been reported previously, including its inconstancy. Evolutional The plantaris is a small muscle that courses along theposterior aspect of the leg as part of the posterosuperficialcompartment of the calf. Often thought of as a vestigial,accessory muscle, the plantaris muscle is absent in only7-20% of limbs.1 Although injuries of this structure havebeen a source of controversy3,4,5,6,7 pathology of theplantaris muscle and tendon is an important differentialdiagnosis for pain arising from the proximal posterior as-pect of the leg AIM The plantaris muscle (PM) and its tendon is subject to considerable variation in both the points of origin and of insertion. The present study was carried out to fi nd the different types of origin, insertion and possible variations of the PM in the population of southern costal region of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS 52 embalmed (Formalin fixed) cadaver lower limbs of 26 males (age ranged.

Accessory plantaris muscle: anatomy and prevalence. Herzog RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Radiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021 USA. Accessory and anomalous muscles have been described in humans, but only a few at the level of the knee The Plantaris muscle is a small muscle with a short belly and long slender tendon that is located at the posterior compartment of the leg and along with the Gastrocnemiusand Soleusmuscles, forms the Triceps Surae Separately, the diagnosis of plantaris muscle and tendon ruptures is both difficult to establish and clinically important due to the fact that the muscle and tendon ruptures are accompanied by the clinical findings, such as hemorrhage and haematoma, or that the muscle and tendon ruptures copy these findings. 4,n:11 Therefore, it is important that the anatomy of plantaris muscle be known right from the start of the fetal period Attachments of Plantaris Muscle: Origin & Insertion. Origin: (proximal attachments): Inferior lateral supracondylar ridge of femur just above attachment of lateral head of gastrocnemius. Insertion: (distal attachments): Posterior calcaneus (tuberosity) via calcaneal tendon

The plantaris muscle has been given little attention in the reviewed literature. It is most commonly mentioned only when absent from a specimen. This study aimed to document the anatomy of the plantaris muscle and to discuss the clinical significance of the observations Anatomy of Plantaris Muscle. Courtesy: Prof Nabil Ebraheim, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA. Post Views: 1,771. Related Posts. This renowned classic provides unparalleled coverage of manual muscle testing, plus evaluation and treatment of faulty and painful postural conditions. The thoroughly updated Fifth Edition is completely reorganized.

Anatomy Of The Plantaris Muscle - Everything You Need To

Plantaris - Anatom

Anatomy of plantaris muscle: a study in adult Indian

Background: e plantaris muscle consists of a small, thin muscle belly, and a long thin tendon. e aim of this study was to identify the agenesis and the variations of its origin and insertion. Materials and Methods: e present study was conducted by the Department of Anatomy, TSM Medical College & Hospital, Lucknow. Plantaris muscle (lat. musculus plantaris) is a fusiform muscle of the superficial posterior leg compartment, characterized with a small muscle belly and very long and slender tendon. Many anatomical variations of plantaris muscle have been reported previously, including its inconstancy The plantaris is innervated by the tibial nerve (S1, S2). Its fleshy part receives blood supply from the lateral sural and superior lateral genicular branches of the popliteal artery, while its tendinous part is vascularized by the calcaneal branches of the posterior tibial artery. The plantaris muscle is a weak muscle by itself Plantaris muscle though a vestigial muscle and absent in 10% of cases still has a diagnostic and clinical importance e.g., of its being an isolated cause of tennis leg. This study was done on 50 lower limbs of 25 adult cadavers for morphology and prevalence of plantaris muscle in our region Study of anatomical variations of plantaris muscle in cadavers Neeraj Kumar. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 34 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER Study of anatomical variations of plantaris muscle in cadavers Downloa

Anatomy and variations of plantaris muscle in fetuses. Author links open overlay panel Kadir Desdicioglu a Ceren Uguz c Busra Sakallı d Esra Koyuncu d Mehmet Ali Malas The plantaris muscle is missing in 7-10% of the human population. The muscle belly on its own is short, while the tendon {is one of|is among} the {largest|biggest} in the body. Operating in combination with the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles to give a very little quantity of plantar flex ion of the calf, the plantaris is an accessory muscle The plantaris muscle is a smaller component of the calf muscles. The plantaris muscle and tendon sit roughly in the center of the calf, between the two heads of the gastrocnemius. Interestingly, around 10% to 20% of the population is born without plantaris muscles. Not having one in no way affects mobility, either in the long or short term

Plantaris muscle Radiology Reference Article

Plantaris Muscle Origin, Anatomy & Anatomy Body Map

The plantaris muscle is a small muscle with a short belly and long thin tendon that forms part of the posterior superficial compartment of the calf. The purpose of this study was to classify the insertion type of plantaris tendon of Korean population, to measure anthropological characteristics by measuring the width and thickness, and to obtain. The tendinous portion of the plantaris muscle also runs down the back of the leg and blends with the Achilles tendon. Nerves There are two major nerves in the lower leg: the fibular nerve and.

The soleus muscle is a wide flat leg muscle found on the posterior leg.. It runs from just below the knee to the heel and lays immediately deep to the gastrocnemius.These two muscles, along with the plantaris muscle, belong to the group of superficial posterior compartment calf muscles.Soleus' contraction results in strong plantar flexion.It also allows us to maintain an upright posture due. Plantaris The plantaris muscle consists of a small, thin muscle belly that originates from the lateral supracondylar line of the femur just above the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle. It runs beneath the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles and attaches to the medial side of the heel bone. The size, thickness and length of the plantaris muscle can vary in size, but it is thought to be. According to Sobotta Anatomy (Putz & Pabst, 1994), the plantaris tendon instantly crosses the posterior side of the calf, to run medial with the calcaneal tendon until its insertion . In our observations the plantaris tendon along its course gradually crosses the calf between the gastrocnemius and the soleus muscle

This muscle is the most superficial of the posterior compartment muscles of the lower leg; enveloped by the crural fascia and lying on top of the soleus. The proximal attachments of this muscle create the inferior borders of the popliteal fossa along with the plantaris on the lateral side Abstract The anatomy, fiber architecture, and innervation patterns of cat lateral gastrocnemius (LG) and plantaris (P) muscles are described. The plantaris is a simple unipennate muscle arising fro..

The plantaris muscle was found to be absent in two lower limbs (4 %). The most frequent insertion type of the plantaris tendon into the calcaneal tuberosity is fan-shaped, occurring on the medial side of the Achilles tendon (Type 1-44 % cases) The muscles that comprise the triceps surae (gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris) are part of the posterosuperficial compartment of the calf. The soleus muscle and both heads of the gastrocnemius muscle, fuse to insert onto the calcaneus (heel bone) through the Achilles tendon (also known as the calcaneal tendon). This structure is considered to be the strongest tendon in the human body

Affiliations 1 Laboratory of Arthroscopic and Surgical Anatomy, Human Anatomy Unit, Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, C/Feixa Llarga, s/n, 08907, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.; 2 Anatomy Unit, Biomedical Department, University of Antofagasta, Av. Universidad de Antofagasta s/n (Campus Coloso), Antofagasta 1240000. Anatomy . The soleus muscle originates from the back side of your upper tibia, or shin bone. Small slips of the muscle also arise from your fibular head and along the thin aponeurosis between your fibula and tibia. (An aponeurosis is a pearly white sheet of fascia that connects between two bones, serving to be an attachment point for muscles. Author information: (1)Department of Normal and Clinical Anatomy, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. lukasz.olewnik@umed.lodz.pl. The plantaris muscle usually begins with a short and small muscle belly on the popliteal surface of the femur and on the knee joint capsule It originates from the femur on the inner side of the plantaris muscle and inserts into the posterior ligament of the knee-joint. Peroneotibialis, 14% of population. Origin is inner side of the head of the fibula, insertion into the upper end of the oblique line of the tibia, it lies beneath the popliteus

Soleus - Know Your Muscles seriesNot the Plantaris – Keys to Better Diagnosis of Calf

Video: Muscles of the Foot - Dorsal - Plantar - TeachMeAnatom

(PDF) Anatomy and variations of plantaris muscle in fetuse

of new case reports perhaps what we are now witnessing is remodeling and transformation of the Plantaris muscle. If so, the Keywod Achillestendon·Anatomy·Evolution·Plantarismuscle·Plantaristendon Introduction Theplantarismuscle(PM)istypicallydescribedasasmall The plantaris muscle (PM) is a small, thin, and spindle-shaped muscle (1.5 x 7-13 cm in length) located in the posterosuperior aspect of the lower leg (1,2).The PM appears as a vestigial muscle, which is absent in 7-20% of limbs (3,4).Along with the soleus and gastrocnemius, it is part of the muscle group known collectively as the triceps surae

The muscle is known to exhibit variations but there are few reports on the existence of double plantaris muscle. The present case report describes double plantaris on both sides of a cadaver, which was detected during routine dissection. Knowledge of both normal and abnormal anatomy of the plantaris muscle is important for surgeons performing. Force-length properties and functional demands were determined for soleus, gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles simultaneously in each animal. The results suggest that isometric force-length properties of cat soleus, gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles, as well as the region of the force-length relation that is used during everyday locomotor. The plantaris muscle is often dismissed as a small, vestigial muscle, however an injury to this structure should actually be included in differential considerations of the painful calf. Injury to the plantaris on its own, or in association with concurrent injuries of the knee can present a diagnostic challenge to the manual practitioner The plantaris muscle is characterised by morphological variability, both for origin and insertion, and may sometimes be absent. Its strength allows the ligament to be used for reconstruction of other tendons and ligaments. This report presents the rare placements and course of the plantaris muscle in relation to the neurovascular bundle. In this case, the hypertrophy of this muscle might cause. Human Body Quiz: Lower Limb Anatomy. You must take this human anatomy test on lower extremity if you are preparing to establish your career in the field of physiology and anatomy. It has up to a hundred essential questions of the same topic that can put your knowledge on tests and help you practice better for the exam

The anatomy, fiber architecture, and innervation patterns of cat lateral gastrocnemius (LG) and plantaris (P) muscles are described. The plantaris is a simple unipennate muscle arising from an aponeurosis in common with LG and inserting primarily into the tendon of m. flexor digitorum brevis, but with ligamentous connections to the calcaneus Venous Drainage of Leg Anatomy Popliteal artery and vein, Small saphenous vein, Plantaris muscle and tendon, Plantaris tendon, Small saphenous vein, Anterior tibial artery, Popliteus muscle, Gastrocnemius muscle (medial head) (cut), Gastrocnemius muscle (medial head) (cut and reflected), Tibialis posterior muscle, Gastrocnemius muscle (lateral head), Posterior tibial artery and vein. Muscle Atlas. Plantaris. Origin: Inferior aspect of lateral supracondylar line of distal femur Insertion: Middle 1/3 of the posterior calcaneal surface, just medial to Achilles tendon Action: Plantar flexor of ankle; also flexes knee Innervation: Tibial nerve (L5, S1, S2 The plantaris tendon and a potential role in midportion Achilles Dec 14, 2010 2Department of Anatomy and Embryology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the the role of the plantaris tendon in mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy... variations of the plantaris muscle and a potential role in Leg Muscles Diagram - Plantaris Muscle Wikipedia.The leg muscles diagram, will point out if the issue is with any tissue or with the bone. Human muscle system, the muscles of the human body that work the skeletal system, that are under voluntary control, and that are concerned with movement, posture, and balance

Name the muscle and its actions • Plantaris • Action: plantar flexion. 1. Calcaneus 2. Talus 3. Navicular 4. Cuboid 5. 3rd cuneiform 5. 3rd metatarsal 6. 4th proximal phalange 7. nd2 middle phalange 8. st1 distal phalange. Lateral Collateral Ligament 1 2 3. Name the muscle and its action The superficial group comprises three muscles which are the major contributors to plantar flexion - they are soleus, gastrocnemius, and plantaris. Muscles in the deep posterior group are involved with flexion of the toes as well as stabilization of the knee and arch of the foot, and are called flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus. Most illustrations in anatomy resources have groupings of muscles, making it difficult to understand the origins and insertions when you can't actually visualize them because they're crowded with all other muscles present in that region. This is why I created these drawings that showcase one muscle at a time The muscles act collectively to support the arches of the foot, and separately to control the movement of the digits. All the foot muscles are nerve supplied either by the lateral plantar nerve or medial plantar nerve, both are branches of the tibial nerve. The foot muscles of the plantar aspect are in four layers (superficial to deep) Plantaris. - Anatomy: - origin: the inferior aspect of the lateral prolongation of the linea aspera and from the. oblique popliteal ligament of the knee joint; - insertion: the medial posterior part of the calcaneus, via achilles tendon; - action: plantar flexes the foot at the ankle, flexes the leg at the knee

Inferior aspect of lateral supracondylar line of distal femur. Insertion. Middle 1/3 of the posterior calcaneal surface, just medial to Achilles tendon. Action. Plantar flexor of ankle; also flexes knee. Innervation. Tibial nerve (L5, S1, S2) (L5, S1, S2) Arterial Supply. Sural arteries Plantaris muscle. The plantaris is one of the superficial muscles of the superficial posterior compartment of the leg, one of the fascial compartments of the leg. It is composed of a thin muscle belly and a long thin tendon. While not as thick as the achilles tendon, the plantaris tendon. plantaris (muscle): [TA] small muscle of superficial posterior (plantar flexor) compartment of leg; origin , lateral supracondylar ridge; insertion , medial margin of tendo achillis and deep fascia of ankle; action , traditionally described as plantar flexion of foot; many investigators now believe the plantaris muscle to be primarily a. Download this stock image: Illustration of the plantaris muscle. - HACMT0 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors

The lower leg is the part of the lower limb that lies between the knee and the ankle. The leg from the knee to the ankle is called the crus. Do you know the muscles that exist in this part of the body? Test yourself by taking up this quiz. Upgrade and get a lot more done! 1 The muscles in the back help with plantar flexion and supporting the arch of the foot. Peroneus muscles. These muscles are located on the front side of the lower leg 3d render depicting the anatomy of a human muscular system. - leg muscles anatomy stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. line organ icon set. editable stroke. - leg muscles anatomy stock illustrations. deep lymphatics anatomy engraving 1886 - leg muscles anatomy stock illustrations Henry Gray (1821-1865). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918. 8e. The Muscles and Fasciæ of the Foot 1. The Dorsal Muscle of the Foot Extensor digitorum brevis—The fascia on the dorsum of the foot is a thin membranous layer, continuous above with the transverse and cruciate crural ligaments; on either side it blends with the plantar aponeurosis; anteriorly it forms a sheath for the tendons on. Muscles of the Leg and Foot. Supporting, balancing, and propelling the body is the work of the muscular system of the legs and feet. From the large, strong muscles of the buttocks and legs to the tiny, fine muscles of the feet and toes, these muscles can exert tremendous power while constantly making small adjustments for balance — whether.

Plantaris is a rudimentary muscle. Functional importance is of transplantation. Deep Muscles: Popliteus: The Popliteus is a small muscle positioned at the back of the knee joint. The popliteus muscle in the leg is utilized for unlocking the knees during walking. It is too worked when sitting down and standing up Plantaris Injuries Causes. Many different scenarios can cause a plantaris muscle to be strained, torn, or ruptured. The movement that most commonly causes injury to the plantaris muscle is when.

The plantaris muscle: too important to be forgotten

Plantaris: The plantaris is one of the exterior muscles of the superficial posterior compartment of the leg. It is formed of a thin muscle belly and a long thin tendon. The plantaris tendon is the longest tendon in the human body. The plantaris mainly acts with the gastrocnemius. Origin: Originates from the lateral supracondylar ridge [ PLANTARIS. ORIGIN Lateral supracondylar ridge of femur above lateral head of gastrocnemius: INSERTION Tendo calcaneus (medial side, deep to gastrocnemius tendon) ACTION Plantar flexes foot and flexes knee: NERV The muscles of the knee include the quadriceps, hamstrings, and the muscles of the calf. These muscles work in groups to flex, extend and stabilize the knee joint. These motions of the knee allow the body to perform such important movements as walking, running, kicking, and jumping. Extending along the anterior surface of the thigh are the four. Anatomy Next provides anatomy learning tools for students and teacher Muscular Anatomy: Biceps. To train the front of your arms, you need to focus on three specific muscles: the biceps brachii, the brachialis, and the brachioradialis. The differences in these muscles are important to note. Biceps Brachii: Biceps means two heads. Your biceps muscles include a short head, which originates at the front of your.

The plantaris runs obliquely between the two; some people may have two of these muscles, whereas no plantaris is observed in about seven percent of other cadaver dissections. The plantaris tendon is a desirable substitute for the fascia lata in hernia repair, tendon transplants, and repair of ligaments Frolich, Human Anatomy, Lower LImb Muscle compartments of Leg. 36. Muscles of Leg Anterior CompartmentAnterior Compartment Tibialis anterior - Dorsiflexes and Inverts foot Extensor hallucis longus - Extension of big toe and ankle Extensor digitorum longus - Extension of toes and ankle Peroneus (Fibularis) tertius - Dorsiflexes and Everts foot 6. anatomy of popliteal fossa 1. Popliteal fossa Dr. Mohammad Mahmoud Mosaed 2. Popliteal fossa Definition The popliteal fossa is a diamond-shaped intermuscular space situated at the back of the knee. soleus and plantaris The sural nerve Muscular branches supply both heads of the gastrocnemius and the plantaris, soleus, and popliteus. The last of the muscle compartments of the lower leg is the lateral compartment (Figure 15) is comprised of two muscles, the peroneus longus and the peroneus brevis. Both cross the ankle, but the peroneus longus wraps underneath the cuboid crossing the plantar aspect of the foot as well, and inserts at the base of the first metatarsal muscle disorders (e.g., compartment syndrome, fascial herniation) and influences the extent of others (e.g., spread of tumor and infection). COMPARTMENTS Given that there are hundreds of muscles in the body, the easiest way to conceptualize the location and function of muscles is to become familiar with compartmental anatomy

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Anatomy of plantaris muscle: a study in adult Indians

The plantaris muscle has been given little attention in the reviewed literature. It is most commonly mentioned only when absent from a specimen. This study aimed to document the anatomy of the plantaris muscle and to discuss the clinical significance of the observations. Cadaveric knees (n = 46) were dissected to identify the possible variations of the plantaris muscle. The muscle conformed. Case Discussion. Typical finding of discontinuity and surrounding soft tissue swelling in a tendon on the medial aspect of the Achilles. Clinical differential is a tear at the musculotendinous junction of the gastrocnemius muscle (much more common). Plantaris tendon rupture is treated conservatively, unlike Achilles tendon rupture The gastrocnemius muscle is the largest and most superficial of the two calf muscles. It forms part of a composite muscle known as the triceps surae with the soleus and plantaris muscles. Action: Plantarflexes the ankle joint (points toes downwards), flexes the knee. Origin: Medial and lateral femoral condyles, knee joint capsule and oblique.

3D anatomy of the calf. The gastrocnemius muscle has been reflected to reveal its anterior surface and the underlying soleus muscle and plantaris tendon. Note the aponeuroses covering most of the soleus posterior surface and the lower 2/3 of the gastrocnemius Plantaris muscle strains have been noted in association with traumatic tears of the anterior cruciate ligament, arcuate ligament complex, and posterolateral corner muscles (lateral head of the gastrocnemius and popliteus) (, 29). A posterior compartment syndrome, which requires surgical decompression, is a potential complication of plantaris or. Description. The 3D Frog Anatomy software is an interactive model of an American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) that allows for the animal internal systems to be viewed and manipulated layer by layer or simultaneously with other layers, at various zoom levels.Individual anatomical structures can be highlighted and display a caption, or they can be removed to permit viewing of deeper structures Year 1 UM1010 (07/24/2021) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free An Online Examination of Human Anatomy and Physiology. Animated text narrations and quizzes to explain the structures and functions of the human body systems. Looking for videos and advanced quizzes? Try our partner site Kenhub

Muscles of the Lower Limb - Anatomy 240 with Mcleod atThe Alignment Of The Achilles Tendon

Accessory plantaris muscle: anatomy and prevalence

Download Anatomy of human thigh muscles with labels #174715914 high-end stock photo. Expensive images and pictures of Anatomy of human thigh muscles with labels are authentic and high-quality, brought to you by professional photographers. plantaris, white backgroun Anatomy. Because of the limitations of the VHS format, these tapes showed a distinct loss of image quality compared to the SP-Beta masters. The purpose of this paper is to outline the anatomy, injury, diagnostic imaging, and treatment of the plantaris muscle. As well, it is intended t TRANSCRIPT. (1.19) Now that we've looked at the muscles that produce movement of the foot, we're nearly ready to move on to the vessels and nerves of this region. Before we do that, let's review what we've seen of the muscles, and the associated fascial structures. Here's the investing deep fascia, here's the posterior intermuscular. The triceps muscle has three heads, including the long head, the lateral head, and the medial head. All three of these heads insert into the olecranon. Additionally, the superficial part of th

Plantaris - Physiopedi

ANATOMY app by Muscle & Motion. Learn Anatomy with clear & engaging 3D videos! THE ANATOMY CONTENT INCLUDED: • Anatomy of the human body muscular system. • Origin & Insertion - Visualize the origin and insertion of each muscle. • Specific analysis and functions of all muscles & muscle groups. • Animations, pictures, and diagrams. 1 Definition. Der Musculus plantaris ist ein kleiner, zweigelenkiger Muskel, der zur Unterschenkelmuskulatur gehört. Er wird von einigen Autoren als eigene Entität gesehen, von anderen dem Musculus triceps surae zugeschlagen.. 2 Anatomie. Der Muskel besitzt nur einen relativ kurzen, schwach ausgeprägten Muskelbauch, der in eine lange dünne Sehne (30-40 cm) ausstrahlt